What is Open Licensing?

As new forms of publication and scholarship begin to take hold, the academic world is examining standard forms of licensing and rights management and finding them lacking. While current copyright and intellectual property laws focus on restricting use of materials, authors are beginning to explore new models that center on enabling use while still protecting the academic value of a publication. Some rights are still reserved, but some are proactively licensed at publication time to encourage re-use. These approaches make it clear which rights are licensed for various uses, removing the barrier of copyright and smoothing the way for others to access and use one’s work. One such approach is that taken by Creative Commons, an organization that supplies easy-to-understand, “some rights reserved” licenses for creative work. Authors simply review the list of rights they can grant or restrict, make their choice, and receive a link to a written license that spells out how their work may be used. The licenses work within current copyright laws but clearly state how a work may be used. Copyleft is another alternative license; often used in open source software development and describes how a work can be used and also governs how derivative works are to be licensed as well. Models like these are beginning to gain acceptance among artists, photographers, and musicians; scholarly papers and reports are increasingly released under alternative licenses. Some organizations, such as the New Media Consortium, have made it a policy to release all their work under licenses that facilitate sharing and reuse.

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(1) How might this technology be relevant to the educational sector you know best?

  • Open Licensing is especially relevant to students who are creating presentations in various classes. In the past, students tended to copy and paste images into their presentations without a second thought to formal citations. Now that they have access to sites like Creative Commons and Flickr, it's much easier for students to copy and share images without the worry of having to "give credit" (although I still encourage them to do so). Teachers and educators can use this technology in the same manner. - uzay.ashton uzay.ashton Nov 3, 2015
  • In an era of increasing collaboration and open sharing, there is a great deal of positive peer pressure to create content and share it online. One potential drawback of all the sharing is that students might begin to feel a sense of entitlement and neglect giving credit at all. - brian.duffy brian.duffy Nov 8, 2015

(2) What themes are missing from the above description that you think are important?

  • There are some sites that are not completely free of licensing so it's important to check the 'fine print' first. - uzay.ashton uzay.ashton Nov 3, 2015
  • Agreed with Uzay above -- even the license settings on Google's image search are notoriously unreliable. - brian.duffy brian.duffy Nov 8, 2015

(3) What do you see as the potential impact of this technology on teaching, learning, or creative inquiry?

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(4) Do you have or know of a project working in this area?

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