What is Machine Learning?


Machine learning refers to computers that are able to act and react without being explicitly programmed to do so. Practical speech recognition, semantic applications, and even self-driving cars all leverage machine learning via data systems that not only intake, retrieve, and interpret data, but also learn from it. To do this, the machine must make a generalisation, using algorithms to respond to new inputs after being “trained” on a different learning data set — much like a human learns from experiences and uses that knowledge to respond appropriately in a different encounter. In this sense, machine learning is widely considered by many researchers and thought leaders as a step towards human-like artificial intelligence. Recent incarnations of machine learning include a university-developed telescope that can automatically detect significant changes pointing to supernova occurrences. The software Xapagy improvises dialogue and plot moves in stories fed to it by users. The potential of machine learning for education is still some years away, but the potential of learning systems that can adapt and learn on their own is driving research around the world.

INSTRUCTIONS: Enter your responses to the questions below. This is most easily done by moving your cursor to the end of the last item and pressing RETURN to create a new bullet point. Please include URLs whenever you can (full URLs will automatically be turned into hyperlinks; please type them out rather than using the linking tools in the toolbar).

Please "sign" your contributions by marking with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row so that we can follow up with you if we need additional information or leads to examples- this produces a signature when the page is updated, like this: - Larry Larry Feb 8, 2012

(1) How might this technology be relevant to the educational sector you know best?

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(2) What themes are missing from the above description that you think are important?

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(3) What do you see as the potential impact of this technology on teaching, learning, or creative inquiry?

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(4) Do you have or know of a project working in this area?

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Added from RQ2: New Topics


Artificial Intelligence. I know this was a topic in the past...but this is becoming a part of our daily landscape. - michael.lambert michael.lambert Nov 6, 2015 "Artificial intelligence is already all around you, from web search to video games. AI methods plan your driving directions, filter your spam, and focus your cameras on faces. AI lets you guide your phone with your voice and read foreign newspapers in English. Beyond today's applications, AI is at the core of many new technologies that will shape our future. From self-driving cars to household robots, advancements in AI help transform science fiction into real systems." "The Cognitive Business Solutions group will also advise customers on data-intensive topics such as business analytics, security and the Internet of things, IBM said. Amazon.com Inc., Apple Inc., Facebook Inc. and Google Inc. have taken advantage of recent advances in artificial intelligence to provide virtual assistants and to improve their voice- and image-recognition capabilities." - kurt.wittig kurt.wittig Nov 7, 2015 Semantic Scholar is a database that uses AI to search for computer science articles. This is the first database powered in this fashion but how long until we see EBSCO, ProQuest, JSTOR, and other K12 databases powered in this way? http://www.nature.com/news/artificial-intelligence-institute-launches-free-science-search-engine-1.18703
[Editor's Note: Combining with existing Horizon RQ1 topic "Machine Learning."] - Vic Vic Nov 10, 2015

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